It is beginning to appear that these two longtime neighbors are about ready to throw down with each other. While the recent attack by terrorist’s in Mumbai that is really just a trigger for some age old difficulties that people from both nations have never quite worked out to either sides satisfaction.
The seeds of this brewing discontent go back centuries if not longer than that. From tribal conflicts and caste based societies, to religious conflict and things that go even beyond. This is a region of the world that is a powder keg with a very short fuse. It appears that there are indeed those that would love seeing that fuse ignited. The two countries contain a sizable portion of the worlds human population. Not to mention that others in the region could easily get dragged into any conflict. China and Australia come to mind, and should either of those countries get involved on a military level, others no doubt would also come into play.
The shear numbers of people that reside in the area would insure a war of incredible magnitude if fought on a conventional level. The fact that both India, and Pakistan have nuclear weaponry only presents the world with an even greater risk.
The world can only hope that cooler heads prevail.